Letícia Ramos + Marcia Xavier
Casa da Imagem - São Paulo, Brazil, 2014

September 20th to October 26th 2014

Márcia Xavier and Letícia Ramos created a set of works from a selection of enigmatic and “anonymous” images from the photography collection of the Museu da Cidade de São Paulo (Museum of City of São Paulo). The images reveal an act of vandalism in the municipal archives of São Paulo during the demonstrations of August 1947.

By crossing actual data with several fictional hypotheses about what happened, it addressed the physical and optical issues of building a scene. Based on criminal identification photography and movement study, a series of strobe photographs was presented, picturing simulations of falling found objects as protagonists in historical photographs. The works, in their different formats, provoke in the viewer a certain vagueness about the temporality of images.


When Letícia Ramos e Márcia Xavier chose, from the vast collection of Casa da Imagem, the photographs of destruction of an archive room as a starting point for their conjoint exposition in that institution, they didn’t know that those photographs were about.

Sabotage? Vandalism? Destruction of evidence? The black and white photographs carried marks of the time and circumstances in which they were taken. More than a journalistic approach, they looked like police records of the incident. The large metallic filing cabinets full of old paper documents suggested a scenery from the middle of the last century.

They could locate, in one of the documents spread across the floor of the destroyed place, a year: 1944. In the very files of Casa da Imagem they found that the incident happened at São Paulo’s city Hall’s head office.

By research in newspapers in that time (from 1944 to 1950), they found, in O Estado de São Paulo of August 2, 1947, the exact reference in the headline: “Fires, stonings, forays, shootings on the streets and squares of São Paulo”, along with: “The City Hall’s head office on Líbero Badaró Street was stoned and then assaulted”.

Then, they discovered it was the aftermath of the protests against the rise of mass transit’s fares at that time. The astounding coincidence with the events that took place in São Paulo in the first semester of 2014 was one more link in a net of documentary investigation and artistic instigation, which motivated the artists.

From this puzzle of facts and photographs, Márcia and Letícia started to conceive this environment-installation, where six overhead retroprojectors; a backlight with the light from one of the windows; a peephole; prerecorded sounds, and microphones that capture in real-time the steps of the ones that enter; a film produced and projected in 16 mm simulating facts that can be only intuited; and a sequence of stroboscopic pictures of a filing cabinet falling in space compose the dense and tense atmosphere of sabotage.

The motor of this creation isn’t the chronicle, the fidelity to the facts, or the social criticism of that context, but the transmutation of vestiges and clues into a sensitive experience, in present time.

There is no clear narrative, but an appropriation of a universe of references in order to create an environment from which hatch sensations of dazzle and fear, beauty and menace, vertigo and violence, order and disorder. Traces, signs, nods of hidden facts. Like a film noir with no plot.

Different from Hélio Oiticica’s “seja marginal/seja herói” [“be an outlaw/be a hero”], this appropriation of the criminal universe (or the breaking of social norms) doesn’t come impregnated with an ideological bias. It seems only an inspiration.

The relation is made more by a metonymic association, in which the photographs not only become part of the installation (changed by projections, distortions, and optical devices) but also serve as an impulse to the constitution of its atmosphere. Spots of chaos on the tissue of social order, motivating the changing of our preestablished cognitive structures. Instead of a message, a mood.

Instead of a narrative, a sensorial experience – which wraps the visitor in sound, light, image, touch. Sabotage of the senses.

The fact that this environment is set precisely in an institution which purpose is to keep an organized collection of old images (materialized memory) establishes a paradox that subverts our perception of real.

This subversion evokes something sublime when it throws us in the vertigo of an atavistic disorder, set in the orderly space where its spark was archived.

Arnaldo Antunes

Copyright ® 2020 - Leticia Ramos